Container grown roses, like the ones sold at Johnson’s, can be planted anytime from early spring through mid-fall. As with all plantings, choose a day that is not windy, and if possible, plant late in the afternoon or on a cloudy day. This lessens transplanting shock, as planting in full sun can cause foliage to wilt. Roses like rich, fertile, moist, but well-drained soil. They also need good air circulation, ample growing room, and protection from harsh elements. Locate your roses where they will not compete with other plants for food and water.
Sunshine: At least 6 hours of morning, direct sun is best. Strong afternoon sun can burn leaves and flowers. Spindly growth, thin, weak canes, less leaves, and poor flower production are all signs of not enough sunlight.
Water: Regular moisture is needed, so plan for a water source within easy reach. Newly planted roses should be watered daily for about a week and then every few days until new growth is evident. Read more about watering here.
Humidity: Select a site where air can move freely. Incidence of disease rises when the air is extremely humid. It is best to choose a spot where roses will not be closely surrounded by hedges, large plants, or walls that can constrict air movement.
Spacing: At least 3 ft. away from the bases of other large shrubs and at least 18 in. from buildings or solid fences. Hybrid teas, floribundas, and grandifloras should be spaced 24 in. apart (30 in. if the floribundas have a spreading habit). Shrub and miniature roses should be spaced in proportion to their ultimate size. Climbers to be trained horizontally on a fence should be planted 8-10 ft. apart, and 3 ft. apart if trained vertically up and over an arbor or trellis.
1. Dig a hole twice as wide and just as deep. You want the bud union or crown, to be just at soil level.
2. With the soil removed from the hole, mix Bumper Crop in at a ratio of 1/4 Bumper Crop to 3/4 existing soil. Also add in Bio-tone Starter, reading the product label for best results.
3. Remove the plant from its pot and score the root system by cutting 4 evenly spaced slits from top to bottom 1/4 to 1/2 in. deep into the root system. Then, loosen the roots up with your hands.
4. Place the plant into the hole and fill in with the soil mix. Pack firmly.
5. Soak well with a watering solution of Root Master.
6. Construct a shallow basin of mulch to prevent runoff. Then, water again thoroughly.
7. We recommend using Root Master for better plant acclimation throughout the first full growing season.
Johnson’s also recommends using Rose-tone for feeding your rose bushes. Rose-tone can be added to the soil at the time of planting, and then monthly to the top inch of soil of established plants. Learn more about feeding your rose bushes here.
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