Pruning is the science of removing growth to achieve one or more goals: keeping the plant healthy, making it more productive, controlling its size, or encouraging it to grow in a particular shape or direction. Pruning stimulates new growth, an important factor in flowering because many varieties of roses produce flowers only on new canes.
Container grown roses, like the ones sold at Johnson’s, can be planted anytime from early spring through mid-fall. As with all plantings, choose a day that is not windy, and if possible, plant late in the afternoon or on a cloudy day. This lessens transplanting shock, as planting in full sun can cause foliage to wilt. Roses like rich, fertile, moist, but well-drained soil. They also need good air circulation, ample growing room, and protection from harsh elements. Locate your roses where they will not compete with other plants for food and water.